— Unknown Spain —
A diverse microcontinent
Discovering Spain's natural treasures and their origins feels like exploring an entire continent, which, geologically speaking, is true: the micro-continent Iberia was an island for much of its history. Except for that peculiar time when it lay at the heart of the globe-spanning supercontinent Pangaea, during which much of the granite rocks of central Spain crystallized from large magma chambers deep within the Hercynian mountain chain, and which now lie exposed in typical sierra landscapes of the country's interior. The diversity of Spanish habitats is reflected in volcanoes, mountains, rugged coastlines, steppe-like plains, semi-deserts, rainforests, caves, lakes, lagoons, canyons and waterfalls, through which bears, wolves, genets and lynx roam, watched from the blue skies by eagles, falcons and condors. Despite - or because of - its natural resources, Spain faces many environmental problems such as drought, desertification and soil erosion.
- Ecocide in drought-struck Spain: untouchable developers destroy nature near Madrid.
- Drought, Doñana and the Queen of the Marshes.
- The Dust Bowl comes to Spain: desertification and soil erosion.
- The Mediterranean dried up almost completely during the Messinian Salinity Crisis.
- Geology and dangers of La Palma.
- La Palma: the announced eruption of Cumbre Vieja.
- The Valley of the Jerte: on Spain's largest fault line.
- The colours of time: Villages north of Madrid.